Coping skills refer to the strategies people use in the face of trauma and different stressors while helping to deal with difficult or painful emotions. According to research, coping skills enable individuals to cope with stressful situations and problems caused by mental health issues.
According to different studies, there are two main types of coping skills for mental health problems that will allow them to maintain overall mental well-being.
Emotion-focused skills help people deal with painful and unwanted emotions and focus on things within their control rather than things beyond their control. This skill is useful to those who are unable to change their situation and useful in circumstances beyond their control.
We are bombarded with different stressors in our daily lives, which can have a huge impact on our well-being. One way to manage these stressors is to see a therapist and discuss the issues we are facing with them.
Therapists help us identify stressors in our lives, their impact, and coping strategies to deal with various stressors. They use multiple techniques and approaches to help change our thought process and give us the skills to deal with stressors.
Journaling is a great coping strategy because it allows us to sort through and come to terms with difficult emotions. When we encounter stressors, we experience complicated and conflicted feelings that cause mental anguish and affect our mental well-being.
Journaling helps us express and process our thoughts, feelings, and emotions in a healthy and positive way. It allows us to concretely express our complex thoughts and feelings and facilitates emotional catharsis.
Meditation has been shown to have many mental health benefits, and it’s a great coping strategy that improves our physical, mental, and emotional well-being.
Meditation facilitates mindfulness, allowing us to recognize thoughts as they arise and process them without judgment. There are many ways to practice mindfulness, and meditation is one of the best.
Problem-based coping strategies help individuals change their situation by modifying their life or dealing directly with a stressor. Problem-based strategies help individuals target the causes of their stressors in order to reduce the problems that accompany them.
Healthy problem-focused strategies include creating a to-do list, setting healthy boundaries, seeking social support, and time management.
4) Time management
Many of the issues and problems we face are based on our inability to manage our time effectively. Due to poor time management, we often find it difficult to accomplish our goals and tasks.
By learning to budget our time effectively and prioritize certain tasks over others, we reduce the impact of stressors on our lives and improve our mental well-being.
5) Social support
According to research, one of the ways we can effectively manage stressors in our lives is through social support. When we rely on our social circles, which include our friends, family, neighbors, and the society to which we belong, we see many improvements in our well-being.
We seek guidance and support from those around us, ensuring that there are people around us who we can rely on.
6) Change scenario
The best way to manage stressors and improve our well-being, which has been affected by stressful situations, is to change the scenario. Although this approach is not applicable in all cases, there are times when we can directly remove or modify the stressor that affects our lives.
Unhealthy coping strategies
Although there are many healthy coping strategies that are not only able to help us cope with stressors in our lives in the long term, other strategies allow us to cope with stressors, but unhealthily.
While these strategies help us forget the stressors in our lives, they will eventually cause other physical, mental, and emotional problems in the long run.
Unhealthy coping strategies include substance abuse, poor eating habits, participation in risky activities, emotional dumping, unhealthy self-soothing, self-harm, and poor sleeping habits. These strategies offer temporary relief, but they will eventually catch up with you, making your situation worse.
Many healthy strategies are available for those seeking to cope with stressors and minimize the adverse effects on our mental health and well-being.
Steve George Verghese is a Psychologist by training with a Masters in Counseling Psychology from the Indian Institute of Psychology and Research.
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Q. Do you use coping skills to improve your overall well-being?
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